Bipolar disorder is one of the psychiatric problems experienced by some people. Signs of existence for some periods of change of moods, manic or melancholy and manic united. Bipolar disorder (bipolar disorder) is a person’s feeling disorder due to brain problems characterized by shifts (vibrations) of moods, thoughts, and behavioral variations. Affected people experience dramatic mood swings from manic episodes and depressive episodes during a period of time. The manic episode is characterized by mood conditions that significantly increase (hipertymic) or irritability (slightly annoyed and offended), and the episode of depression is characterized by a very degrading (hipotimic) mood. Between these two episodes of the mood is the mood of normal time (euthymic).
The term bipolar refers generally to the situation of the patient, who experiences the transition between two poles of mood or emotion in the opposite range. Communities often call mood instability, but these new symptoms can be awkward if needed for a manic episode and meet the criteria for a certain amount of time, hipertimik mood conditions in a span of a week, Or at least less than a week. For an episode of depression, it will take at least two weeks to continually hipotimik the mood. Surely if the function of work or illness as social life.
If a failure occurs, the patient must be hospitalized. Bipolar disorder is a type of mental disorder characterized by a very extreme mood irregularity (a natural feeling), i.e. in the form of depression or mania.
Under the term bipolar disorder refers to the mood of the victim who suddenly becomes between two poles (bipolar), namely happiness (Mania) and sadness (depression) against the extreme. The general public has a good mood and a bad temper. Those who are suffering from bipolar disorder, however, have extreme mood swings, i.e. patterns of emotions that have slightly changed drastically. Once a person with bipolar disorder can feel very enthusiastic and excited (mania). But if he gets sick, it can be very pessimistic, desperate, even wanting to commit suicide (depression). Previously, this disease is called ‘ manic depression ‘.
The improved mood is clinically referred to as mania, or, slightly, manic mania. Individuals who experience manic episodes also often have mixed episodes that characterize both depression episodes, or symptoms, or mania and depression at the same time. These episodes are separated by a normal period of “normal ” mood (mood), but in some individuals, depression, and mania can change very quickly, which is known as “rapid cycle “. Extreme manic episodes can sometimes lead to psychotic symptoms such as paranoia or hallucinations. Manic episodes usually start at the end of two weeks and five months suddenly. On the other hand, depression tends to last longer. Episode Hypomanic has a lighter degree than pearls.
The disorder was divided into bipolar I, bipolar II, circulating, and other species, based on the severity of the type and experience of mood episodes; The spectrum is often referred to as the bipolar spectrum. One can say that the incidence of bipolar disorder is not high between 0.3 and 1.5%. But these figures do not include false diagnoses (commonly diagnosed with schizophrenia). Psychiatric bipolar now contracted by about 10 to 12% of teenagers abroad. In some cities of Indonesia, even teenagers began to report elderly people.
The risk of death continues to shadow bipolar patients, and that’s more because they cut corners. The first episode can range from childhood to high age. Most cases occurred in young adults aged 20-30 years. The more premature person suffers from bipolar disease, the risk is heavier, longer and more frequent relapse. Children may experience the development of these illnesses in heavy form and often together with the attention of the hyperactivity disorder flaws. People who run the risk of bipolar disorder are the ones who are owed a family member of bipolar disorder.