Carbohydrate counting is a method of food planning that calculates the number of carbohydrates you eat at each meal and snack. The overview of your daily carbs can help you keep your blood glucose in your target line. This is because carbohydrates-which contain sugar, starch and fiber-affect your blood glucose more protein or fat.
Your body dissects carbohydrates into glucose that penetrates the bloodstream and increases your blood glucose levels. Balancing your carbohydrate intake with physical activity (and diabetes medications if you take it all) can help keep your blood glucose as close to normal as possible, which gives your risk of complications related to diabetes lowering.
The simple enumeration of grams of carbohydrates in the foods you eat is the most popular and accurate method of counting carbohydrates. The older methods to track your carbohydrate supply is:
The CARB choice system. A “carbohydrate choice” is about 15 grams of carbohydrates. Examples of foods containing about 15 grams of carbohydrate are a slice of bread; 1/3 Cup of pasta or rice; 1 small fresh fruit; and 1/2 cup of starchy vegetables. A food containing 30 grams of carbohydrates would be considered as two carbohydrate options.
The system of plan exchange lists. Each Exchange list contains foods that contain approximately the same amount of carbohydrates, protein, fats, and calories, and therefore have approximately the same effect on your blood glucose. Each item in a particular food list can be changed with any other item in that list. For example, you might have 1/2 cup of beans or 1/3 cup of cooked noodles for your choice of starch.