Medication For Type 2 Diabetes-Diabetes mellitus is a disease characterized by high blood sugar levels caused by interference on the secretion of insulin or insulin work or both impaired.
The body of patients with diabetes mellitus are unable to produce or respond to insulin hormone produced by the pancreas, an organ so that increased blood sugar levels and can cause complications of short term and long term on the patient such.
Diabetes mellitus (DM) is divided into several types. DM type I usually cause symptoms before the age of 30 years, although patients symptoms can appear at any time. Type I DM patients require insulin from outside his body to his survival.
DM type II is usually experienced while patients aged 30 years or more, and the patient is not hanging with insulin from outside the body, except in certain circumstances. Other DM type was DM gestational DM, i.e. that occurs in pregnant women, caused by impaired glucose tolerance in patients.
The number of type II DM patients has increased, due to a pattern of increasingly unhealthy living, such as lack of physical activity and unhealthy eating patterns.
Here are a few Remedies Diabetes mellitus according to Medical Experts
1. Metformin to reduce blood sugar levels
Diabetes Drug Metformin works by reducing sugar levels transmitted to the heart blood flow and make the body more responsive to insulin. This is the first drug that is often recommended for patients with type 2 diabetes.
Unlike the other medicines, metformin does not cause weight gain. Therefore the drug is usually given to sufferers who experience excess weight.
But metformin can sometimes cause mild side effects, such as nausea and diarrhea. Doctors also do not recommend this drug for diabetics who experience kidney problems.
2. Sulfonylurea to increase insulin production in the pancreas
Sulfonylurea function enhance Diabetes Drug insulin production in the pancreas. Diabetics who can’t drink the metformin or not overweight may be given this medication.
If metformin was less effective in controlling your blood sugar levels, the doctor may be combinate with a sulfonylurea. Examples of these drugs are glipizide, glimepiride, glibenclamide, gliquidone, and gliclazide.
Sulfonylurea will increase the levels of insulin in the body so that it can increase the risk of hypoglycemia if there is an error in its use. These drugs also have side effects such as weight gain, nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea.
3. insulin as a trigger for Pioglitazone
Diabetes Drug Pioglitazone usually combined with metformin, sulfonylurea, or both. This medicine will trigger the body’s cells to be more sensitive to insulin, so more glucose in the blood is transferred from.
Diabetes drugs can cause weight gain and swell in the ankle. You are not recommended to drink the pioglitazone if ever experienced heart failure or at risk of experiencing a fracture.
4. Gliptin (DPP-4 inhibitor) as a preventive solution of GLP-1
Gliptin Diabetes drug or inhibitor of DPP-4 prevents the breakdown of the hormone GLP-1 (glucagon-like peptides-1). GLP-1 is a hormone that plays a role in the production of insulin when blood sugar levels are high. Thus, the gliptin helped raise insulin levels when sugar levels to rise.
Gliptin (for example, sitagliptin, saxagliptin, linagliptin, and vildagliptin) can inhibit the increase in high blood sugar levels without causing hypoglycemia.
This diabetes medication does not cause weight gain and is usually given if sufferers could not drink sulfonylurea or glitazone, or combined with both.
5. Barrier SGLT-2 impact on urinalysis
SGLT-2 inhibitor would improve sugar levels are issued through the urine. However, this drug increases the risk of infection in the urinary tract and genital for people with diabetes.
Diabetes medication is recommended when metformin and DPP-4 are not suitable to use by people with. SGLT-2 inhibitor examples include dapagliflozin, canagliflozin, and empagliflozin.